Energy drinks are consumed by people around the world because of the perceived benefits promoted by an aggressive marketing strategy. The health benefits associated with energy drinks vary and include requirements such as increasing exercise effectiveness, sharpening mental focus and alertness. But should you swallow them if you are pregnant? The answer is no. In fact, most energy drink companies voluntarily place advisory statements on their labels that prevent pregnant and lactating women from consuming energy drinks.
Anxiety General Health
Numerous studies have tested different acute cardiovascular reactions in people who drink sweetened sugar energy drinks. The results of these studies seem to vary depending on the type of energy drink being studied and the type of measuring instruments used. Some scientific studies have documented an increase in systolic blood pressure, as well as an increase in heart rate intake after an energy drink. Although none of these studies have been conducted on pregnant women, if these effects are potential symptoms of consumption after, then it is advisable to avoid consumption during pregnancy.
Why are these ingredients so problematic?
Ingredients for energy drinks will vary by manufacturer. Many energy drinks contain a brew of ingredients that create a mixture of energy. The problem with these decoctions is that it is very difficult to figure out which ingredients can cause negative symptoms. One of the main problems in energy drinks for pregnant women is the amount of caffeine, which can not always be easily determined. According to the National Beverage Association, “Leading energy drinks voluntarily disclose the total amount of caffeine – from all sources – for each jar/bottle of the base, but they are not required.”Since monitoring caffeine intake during pregnancy is important, it can be problematic if you are not able to track it.
Caffeine is one of the main components in energy drinks and is known to activate the sympathetic nervous system. An overdose of caffeine can cause seizures, psychosis, and cardiac arrhythmias. Mitchell says: “Too much caffeine can increase blood pressure and heart rate. This affects the nervous system and can cause irritability, nervousness, and insomnia. Evidence of caffeine use during pregnancy is not conclusive, so it’s better to limit it. ” Pregnant women are advised to limit their caffeine during pregnancy to“ 200 mg or less, which is the amount of one 12-ounce cup of coffee,” she says.
Some energy drinks contain non-nutritive sweeteners. Non-food sweeteners or zero low-calorie alternatives to high- calorie sweeteners such as sugar. They help add sweetness without adding calories and sugar. Because they are much sweeter than sugar, small amounts must be added to create sweets. The Food and Drug Administration approved the use of the following non-food sweeteners: acesulfame-K, aspartame, neotame, saccharin, sucralose, and stevia. The problem with this in the fact that there are a limited number of studies that affect safety, no-calorie sweeteners and healthy pregnancy, therefore, most of the time, these types of sweeteners should be avoided.
If energy drinks do not have non-nutritive sweeteners, they use sugar to add sweets. Too much sugar can add unhealthy excess calories, which can lead to excessive weight gain. In addition, for women with gestational diabetes, this can be very problematic because they need to control carbohydrate intake and limit simple sugar to prevent large fluctuations in blood sugar levels.
Some energy drinks contain taurine, a conditionally essential sulfur-containing amino acid, naturally in animal products that support neurological development and regulate the amount of water and minerals in the blood. Since the brain and retina of human infants are not yet fully developed at birth and may be affected by taurine deprivation, infant formulas are supplemented with taurine. Little is known about the effects of taurine during pregnancy when combined with energy drinks. And therefore, it is recommended to avoid during pregnancy.
Ginseng, which is often called its Latin name, Panax Ginseng, is an Asian herbal supplement that has been used for more than 2000 years. According to the National Institutes of Health, “questions have been raised about its long-term safety, and some experts recommend against its use of infants, children, and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.” In fact, the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics discourages use during pregnancy. This is probably because there are several quality studies that investigate long-term effects.
In addition, the most common side effects of ginseng are headaches, sleep problems such as insomnia, and digestive symptoms. Finally, it can affect blood sugar and blood pressure, so if you have gestational diabetes or high blood pressure, you should avoid ginseng.
Gluconolactone is a naturally occurring polyhydroxy acid (PHA) with metal chelating, moisturizing and antioxidant activity. Glucuronolactone is often called an increase in energy due to its supposed effect on energy metabolism, but it is doubtful whether this affects energy levels. Because it is not well understood during pregnancy, avoidance.
Guarana is another source of caffeine that comes naturally from plants. He often adds to energy drinks for his potential to enhance athletic performance and concentration. Because pregnant women should monitor their caffeine intake, energy drinks containing caffeine and guarana should be avoided.
This herb comes from the leaves of the ginkgo tree and has been used in China for many centuries. It is believed that it can improve memory. However, since it has not been studied during pregnancy and ingestion, it can cause gastrointestinal upsets, headache, dizziness, palpitations, constipation, allergic skin reactions, it is reasonable to avoid this product.
L-carnitine is a derivative of lysine and methionine. It is often added to energy drinks to improve athletic performance, based on the theory that it can help save muscle glycogen. However, according to the Linus Pauling Institute, most studies have not shown any effect on physical performance. This, naturally, is in products of animal origin and does not contain any negative consequences if consumption is not more than 5 grams per day, in which diarrhea and “fish smell syndrome” can occur.
Commonly used in weight loss products, Yohimbe has been associated with insomnia, mood disorders, nervousness, and anxiety. It has not been studied during pregnancy and should be avoided.
B vitamins are involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, and are believed to help increase energy by converting energy from macronutrients to adenosine triphosphate (ATP), our body’s energy form uses. The problem with vitamins in energy drinks is doubled; 1) The levels of vitamins and other supplements in energy drinks often exceed the recommended daily intake, 2) Most studies do not support supplements with increased performance.
Vitamins of group B are soluble in water, and if taken in excess, it is usually not a problem, since it receives a lot from the body in urine, however, side effects of high doses of group vitamins were noted:
- B3 Niacin – may cause flushing (burning, itching, redness on the face, arms and chest) and an increase in heart rate
- B6 Pyridoxine – Long-term supplements with very high doses can lead to sensory neuropathy and may increase the risk of hip fractures in the elderly.